Solaris 8: Installation Guide
-- ...had trouble with a 2.8 machine's networking also; they chose IPv4 and IPv6 at installation time; got IPv4: cannot assign requested address hme0 A re-install without IPv6 and all worked. Perhaps a conflict?
These instructions apply to both a new SPARC Station which is ready for setting from from files resident on the hard disk upon delivery from Sun (my Ultra 5 came with both Solaris 2.7 and 8 ready for installation) and a machine on which it is wished to install the operating system, from scratch, from a collection of CDs; an operating system upgrade is not covered here --- the problems mentioned here should not be encountered for an upgrade.
Ensure your machine is connected to the network, that you have been assigned an IP address for it, and that its name is in the DNS database.
For a new machine, on which uninstalled copies of the OS exist on disk already, simply switch the machine on and choose Solaris 8 (rather than 2.7) if necessary. The installation will then be essentially identical to that given below which details a CD-based installation.
As root, place the Installation CD of your copy of Solaris 2.8 into the CDROM drive and type "reboot cdrom" and hit return. The machine will reboot and offer two options:
1/ for initial install 2/ for upgradeChoose "1". The first step of the Initial Install is the formatting of the (local) disk and creation of swap space. The default swap size will probably be OK: I accepted the suggested size of 512Mb on a 8Gb disk (for a machine with 128Mb RAM).
The programme copies some files to your hard drive and reboots.
The next step is to supply network information to the installation programme. Within UMIST, this is what you would expect to supply:
Networked Yes DHCP No Hostname <your unique choice> (e.g., boiler, not boiler.csu.umist.ac.uk) IP Address <the unique number assigned to you> (cf., 130.88.xyz.pqr) Netmask 255.255.255.0 IPv6 No Name Service DNS Name Servers 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 Direct/Proxy Direct Connection(There is no point in installing IPv6 as there is no support for it at UMIST.) You are also asked to choose: the method by which the date and time are set --- I suggest by Geographic Location (one can choose Europe, then Great Britain); the root password --- don't forget it; whether to make use of power management software --- unless the machine is for personal use only, and from the console only, choose "No".
Unfortunately there are some problems with the above settings:
The next stages are to choose what software to install and to partition the disk(s). This is straightforward: follow the advice given Sun's documentation. There are just a few things to note:
After choosing what software to install the "Lay Out File Systems" (partitioning!) screen appears. You will need to allocate user space and system space in addition to that already allocated for swap. The installation programme specifies a minimum size for the root partition (/) into which (some of) the software you have chosen must be installed.
One school of thought favours splitting the file system into several partitions, for example, separate partitions for /opt, /usr, /usr/local, /tmp, /var, /home...; another favours keeping things simple. If you are not familiar with the issues involved here it is probably best to split the remaining disk space (i.e., that left after allocating swap space) into just two: root (/) and /home/export, the latter being for user's home directories. Try to ensure there is enough space to install applications in the future (within root, /) and also for user files.
Finally the software is installed. This takes a while. The other CD's will be required. After a "final" reboot your SPARC Station should be working --- but as mentioned above the networking will need fixing.
As this stage your machine should be working fine --- as a standalone box; networking will need fixing. Several files are mentioned below: in each case simply amend the contents of the file on your machine to resemble that shown using a text editor, such as /usr/dt/bin/dtpad, which is part of the CDE installation (and will therefore be on your machine unless you opted to unselect CDE).
# network number netmask 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.0
# domain name-servers : domain csu.umist.ac.uk nameserver 220.127.116.11 nameserver 18.104.22.168
passwd: files hosts: files dns
route add default <gateway>
route add default <your subnet gateway>
As mentioned I experienced problems with the host IP number. Whilst the installation programme will accept only 130.088.100.155, after installation the machine would not "talk" to the network unless this was changed to 22.214.171.124:
These network diagnostic tools are useful to ensure your machine is finally configured correctly:
/usr/sbin/ifconfig -a lo0: flags=1000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 8232 index 1 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask ff000000 hme0: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 2 inet 126.96.36.199 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 188.8.131.52 ether 8:0:20:e7:9a:95
netstat -r Routing Table: IPv4 Destination Gateway Flags Ref Use Interface -------------------- -------------------- ----- ----- ------ --------- 184.108.40.206 boiler U 1 111 hme0 BASE-ADDRESS.MCAST.NET boiler U 1 0 hme0 default 220.127.116.11 UG 1 162 localhost localhost UH 19 341021 lo0